Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Information on Television. To answer the very first pair of research concerns concerning the prevalence

Information Analyses

To resolve the initial pair of research questions about the prevalence of nonheterosexual material on tv, we utilized episode-level information ( ag e.g., percentages of episodes containing same-sex behavior that is sexual containing speak about intercourse linked to nonheterosexuals) and chi-square analyses to look at between-group differences with one of these nominal information. When it comes to 2nd pair of research concerns, we utilized just those indicates that contained nonheterosexual intimate content and evaluated their frequency across 2-minute periods ( e.g., quantity of periods per hour of system time with nonheterosexual intimate talk). For these analyses, we utilized t-tests or analysis of variance (ANOVA) to check team distinctions. Significant omnibus F-tests had been followed up with post hoc comparisons making use of Tamhane’s T2 test, which will not assume cell that is equal or equal variance, to recognize significant distinctions across teams.


Prevalence of Nonheterosexual Sexual Content

About one out of six programs inside our examples included any content that is sexualbehavior or talk) associated with nonheterosexuals. dining Table 1 shows the portion of demonstrates that contained any same-sex behavior that is sexual any intimate talk associated with nonheterosexuals by system genres, by form of network, and also by period of day aired. The 11 stations were classified into one of three categories: commercial broadcast (which included the three major networks ABC, CBS, and NBC as well as Fox, UPN, and WB), cable music entertainment (which included BET and MTV), and premium cable movie (which included Cinemax, HBO, and Showtime) for network type. With respect to time of broadcast, were classified as prime-time day.

Dining Table 1

Note: Within kind of system and time of day aired, percentages into the column that is same don’t share subscripts vary at p dining Table 1 ). More often than not, there clearly was a top amount of communication between a genre’s general positioning for same-sex behavior that is sexual speak about nonheterosexual intimate problems. Also, genres’ standings on both these factors had been fairly stable throughout the two tv seasons.

Three genres had been regularly reduced in both kinds of nonheterosexual sexual content: Children’s cartoons (none of which included behavior that is intimate intimate talk linked to nonheterosexuals in either 12 months), news publications . 3 Genres that had a tendency to have the best proportions of programs with nonheterosexual content were variety/comedy and film that is feature. Made-for-TV films and programs classified as “other” additionally had reasonably high proportions with nonheterosexual content that is sexual nonetheless, both these groups included just only a few programs ), which makes it tough to draw conclusions about them. Consequently, we do not highlight the findings associated with them although we include these latter two genres in the tables.

Network-type comparisons

Note: Within style of system and period of day aired, means into the exact same line that don’t share subscripts vary at p 1 For simplicity of presentation, we utilize the term “nonheterosexual” to refer collectively to any or all people whose intimate orientation isn’t exclusively heterosexual, including homosexual men, lesbians, and bisexuals of either intercourse.

2 one other intimate behavior category had been used to recapture all the kinds of intimate tasks that would not fall under the categories specified flirting, kissing, intimate touching, intercourse implied, and sexual activity depicted including low-level intimate functions such as for example leering to high-level intimate functions such as for example masturbation and bondage and control.

4 Because our examples consist of programs from both broadcast that is commercial cable systems, we utilized a regular product quantity of 2-minute periods each hour of system time in place of amount of 2-minute periods per 1-hour show to evaluate the regularity of intimate behavior and speak about sex linked to nonheterosexuals. This makes up about the fact commercials considerably decrease the amount of system content on broadcast networks to about 22 two-minute intervals in a program that is one-hour whereas 1-hour cable programs routinely have about 30 two-minute periods.